Liu Xiaobo, Chinese Dissident Who Won Nobel While Jailed, Dies at 61
- Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo was granted medical parole after being diagnosed with terminal liver cancer and he died at the hospital on 13 July 2017. He was 61.
The Chinese government revealed he had cancer in late June, only after the illness was virtually beyond treatment. Officially, Mr. Liu gained medical parole.
He was the first Nobel Peace Prize laureate to die in state custody.
Beijing is now being urged to free his wife, poet Liu Xia, from house arrest.
After his death was announced, Berit Reiss-Andersen, the chairwoman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said the Chinese government “bears a heavy responsibility for his premature death.”
Liu was detained due to his participation with the Charter 08 manifesto in 2008. He was formally arrested on 23 June 2009 on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state power". He sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment and two years' deprivation of political rights on 25 December 2009.
Liu was awarded the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for "his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China" during his fourth prison term.
He was born on Dec. 28, 1955, in Jilin Province, in northeast China. The son of a professor who remained loyal to the Communist Party, Mr. Liu made a vocation out of obdurate opposition to authoritarianism.
Mr. Liu started out as a notoriously abrasive literary critic in Beijing in the 1980s. He was called a “dark horse” who bridled at intellectual conformity, even in the name of reform.
In 1989, he was a visiting scholar at Columbia University when students in Beijing occupied Tiananmen Square to demand democratic changes and an end to party corruption. He returned to Beijing to support the protests, but he was imprisoned for the first time from 1989 to 1991 and again from 1995 to 1996 and he was imprisoned for the third time from 1996 to 1999 for his involvement in the democracy and human rights movement.
- source : New York Times