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  • 2016-01-03
  • NEWS
  • Iranian Protesters Damage Saudi Embassy in Tehran / イラン、シーア派指導者処刑に抗議し、デモ隊がサウジ大使館襲撃

  • 2016年1月2日、イランの首都テヘランのサウジアラビア大使館がイランのデモ隊によって襲撃された。サウジアラビアが、イスラム教シーア派指導者ニムル・ニムル(Nimr al-Nimr)師 56歳を処刑した事への抗議として、デモ隊が火炎瓶、石を投げつけ、大使館内の家具などを破壊し、サウジアラビア国旗を引きずり下ろした。イラン北東部にあるシーア派の聖地マシャドでも、抗議する群衆がサウジアラビア領事館に放火した。
    サウジアラビアは1月2日に、ニムル・ニムル師、シーア派反政府活動家、国際テロ組織アルカイダ(Al-Qaeda)に参加したスンニ派の計47人の死刑を執行していた。
    サウジアラビア政府は、処刑はテロに対するものと正当化を主張しているが、シーア派が国民の多数を占めるイランとイラクが同国を批判した。
    イラン外務省は、高い代償を払う事になると警告し、サウジアラビアは、露骨な内政干渉とイラン大使を召還し抗議した。
    ニムル・ニムル師の兄弟モハメド・ニムル(Mohammed al-Nimr)氏は、デモ隊に平静を呼びかけた。また、サウジアラビア政府から、ニムル・ニムル師の遺体をすでに埋葬したと連絡があり、故郷での埋葬は叶わなかったと述べ、モスクでの葬儀を計画していると語った。
    処刑された47人のうち45人はサウジアラビア人で、残りの2人はエジプト人とチャド人が各1名とされる。
    サウジアラビアでは2015年に即位したサルマン国王(King Salman)以降、153人が処刑されている。
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    Protesters in Iran, angered by the execution by Saudi Arabia of a prominent Shiite cleric, broke into the Saudi embassy in Tehran early Sunday, setting fires and throwing papers from the roof, Iranian media reported.

    The semiofficial ISNA news agency said the country's top police official, Gen. Hossein Sajedinia, rushed to the scene and police worked to disperse the crowd outraged by the execution of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr. Shiite leaders in Iran and other countries across the Middle East swiftly condemned Riyadh and warned of sectarian backlash.

    Saudi Arabia's execution Saturday of 47 prisoners, which also included al-Qaida detainees, threatened to further enflame Sunni-Shiite tensions in a regional struggle playing out between the Sunni kingdom and its foe Iran, a predominantly Shiite nation.

    While Saudi Arabia insisted the executions were part of a justified war on terrorism, Iranian politicians warned that the Saudi monarchy would pay a heavy price for the death of al-Nimr.

    The Iranian Foreign Ministry summoned the Saudi envoy in Tehran to protest, while the Saudi Foreign Ministry later said it had summoned Iran's envoy to the kingdom to protest the critical Iranian reaction to the sheikh's execution, saying it represented "blatant interference" in its internal affairs.

    In Tehran, the crowd gathered outside the Saudi embassy and chanted anti-Saudi slogans. Some protesters threw stones and Molotov cocktails at the embassy, setting off a fire in part of the building, Sajedinia told the semi-official Tasnim news agency.

    Some of the protesters broke into the embassy and threw papers off the roof, and police worked to disperse the crowd, Sajedinia told ISNA. He later told Tasnim that police had removed the protesters from the building and arrested some of them. He said the situation outside the embassy "had been defused."

    Al-Nimr's execution promises to open a rancorous new chapter in the ongoing Sunni-Shiite power struggle playing out across the Middle East, with Saudi Arabia and Iran as the primary antagonists. The two regional powers already back opposing sides in civil wars in Yemen and in Syria. Saudi Arabia was also a vocal critic of the recent Iranian agreement with world powers that ends international economic sanctions in exchange for limits on the Iranian nuclear program.

    The cleric's execution could also complicate Saudi Arabia's relationship with the Shiite-led government in Iraq. The Saudi embassy in Baghdad reopened for the first time in nearly 25 years on Friday. Already on Saturday there were public calls for Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi to shut the embassy down again.

    Hundreds of al-Nimr's supporters also protested in his hometown of al-Qatif in eastern Saudi Arabia, in neighboring Bahrain where police fired tear gas and bird shot, and as far away as northern India.

    The sheikh's brother, Mohammed al-Nimr, said in a telephone interview that Saudi authorities told the family they had already buried the body, but didn't tell them at which cemetery. The family had hoped to bury his body in his hometown. His funeral would likely have attracted thousands of supporters, including large numbers of protesters. Instead the family planned to hold prayers and accept condolences at the mosque in a village near al-Qatif, where the sheikh used to pray.
  • source : New York Times
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